This chapter is about natural heritage of Kotor and its immediate environs, the Boka Kotorska Bay, a winding bay on the south-eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea.
This chapter is about Mediterranean climate of the coastal belt of Boka Kotorska, with dry, hot summers and mild winters with heavy rainfall. Areas at elevation above 400 masl on average, the coldest month of the year is January, with a mean temperature of 8°C, while the highest temperatures (25°C, average) are recorded in July.
This chapter is about the geographical layout of the Boka Kotorska Bay, its features, mountains, and bays. After the Pleistocene glacial period, the thawing of ice raised the sea level for almost 100 m, changing the look of what is now known as the Boka Kotorska Bay. Before the thawing, the entire Bay was dry land, with permanent snow line and glaciers along Lovćen and Orjen mountains. Bokeljska River flowed through the valley, fed by its numerous tributaries.
This chapter is all about plants in the Boka Kotorska area. First, an outline of the terrestrial plants is provided, followed by a brief overview of the domesticated and introduced plants and flowers, many of them brough from the overseas by sailors returning home after their voyages. The section then delves into the fascinating world of marine flora, focusing mostly on macroalgae, and ends with covering the secrets of the meadows of undersea flowering grasses.
This chapter is about animal found in Boka Kotorska Bay, both terrestrial and marine. Each topic tries to briefly cover one or several groups of animals. As this is merely an overview of the information on animal life, a very complex topic, it cannot go into details, but serves to highlight the most characteristic or interesting features relating to many different species inhabiting the area. The focus was mostly on wildlife, but sometimes domesticated species were mentioned, if appropriate.
Preservation of natural heritage
This chapter is about the preservation of natural heritage in Boka Kotorska area. The sheer beauty of the Bay and its environs has been discussed thoroughly through the centuries, and in recent history certain natural areas of the Bay have been protected under national law and international agreements. The crown achievement has been the designation of the Kotor-Risan Bay as the UNESCO World heritage Site, The Natural and Culturo-Historical Region of Kotor.
This chapter is about cultural heritage of Boka Kotorska Bay with historical overview of its development, with explanation on the most prominent cultural and historical monuments.
Kotor Cultural Heritage
This chapter is about Bay of Kotor. The Bay of Kotor is divided into four bays: Kotor 16,262 km2, Tivat 34,439 km2, Herceg Novi 28,628 km2 and Risan 8,005 km2 and it represents a unique cultural-historical, ambiental, geographical and tourist region. It includes the tourist zones of Kotor, Herceg Novi and Tivat. The city of Kotor is located in the northeastern part and has an area of 355 km2 and 25,000 inhabitants.
Risan Cultural Heritage
This chapter discusses the history and cultural and historical monuments of the old Illyrian city of Risan. Few cities in Montenegro have such a long history as Risan. According to some research, the city is mentioned as early as the Hellenic era in the 3rd century BC. After Helen, the Illyrians settled in Risan. According to research, the city was founded by the Illyrian tribe Rizoniti who named it Risinium or today's Risan.
Prčanj (Perzano or Persano) Cultural Heritage
This chapter talks about the old town of Prčanj (Perzano or Persano) and its cultural and historical monuments. Looking at the material evidence, Prčanj was first mentioned in the ninth century in the remains of the church of St. Thomas.
Perast Cultural Heritage
This chapter discusses the history of Perast, palaces and churches. Perast is 12 km away from Kotor in the direction of Risan and directly exits to the sea. The town was founded by the Illyrians and named after the Illyrian tribe Pirusti. Above Perast is the hill of St. Elijah, 873 meters high, and opposite the hill is the Strait of Verige. Perast had a very great strategic influence on the Kotor and Risan part of the Bay of Kotor because it was located at the very entrance.
Intangible Kotor Cultural Heritage
This chapter discusses the intangible cultural heritage of Kotor. The centuries-old changes and mixing of various cultures and peoples in the area of Kotor have created the conditions for a rich intangible cultural and historical heritage. In essence, there is a lot that in Kotor and its surroundings could be called intangible heritage. Whether it is a specific language Bokeljski or traditional games and songs, a specific way of life, food and drink, celebration of art holidays and much more, it is difficult to say because it all adorns Kotor and its inhabitants. It has also been passed down from generation to generation with little or no change.
Museums in Kotor
This chapter discusses museums as custodians of the cultural and historical heritage of Kotor. And if it can be said that the area of Kotor is entirely a museum, over the years, many exhibits have been collected from the mentioned area, which testify the rich and turbulent history of Kotor and its region. Museums have suffered various damages firstly due to earthquakes over the years, as well as very frequent relocations of collections and exhibits due to the inability to provide an adequate space.
Guided tours of Kotor
This chapter talks about guided tours in Kotor. Many guided tours (excursions) can be made around the territory of Kotor. Each represents a separate whole, but each is also connected. Each one attracts tourists to take the next one. It is simply impossible to take a sightseeing tour of the Old Town of Kotor, or Perast, and not go to Prčanj or Dobrota.
Protection of cultural heritage
This chapter is about the protection of cultural property in Kotor. It is a great privilege, honor but also an obligation to live in a place like Kotor. A city that has existed for centuries, a city that can be referred to as a great cultural and historical monument, a city protected and inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List is at the same time a great obligation for the inhabitants of that city, visitors and all relevant institutions dealing with the protection of cultural property.
This chapter is about Aquarium Boka which is found in the 18th-century Radoničić Palace, a protected culture monument, in Dobrota, an old settlement near Kotor Old Town, famous in the past for its captains, lace and cake.
The idea for establishing a marine aquarium in Kotor was born back to 1975, when Ivan Milošević and Nikola Kovačević, members of the staff of the Institute for Biological and Medical Research, as the Institute of Marine Biology named that time, made a proposal for construction of the City Aquarium in Kotor. According to the proposal, the City Aquarium would be the joint venture of the city of Kotor and the Institute and would be in the area in the city walls (the area known as Citadela, now Maximus night club) with both marine and freshwater exhibitions.
This chapter is presenting travel opportunities or how to get to and from Kotor. Since Kotor is a city on the sea, it would be best to reach the city port by boat. Kotor is located near the airport Tivat and is not far from the airports Podgorica and Dubrovnik in Croatia. It also has a bus stop. The roads lead to Kotor from all directions, and a special charm is to get to Kotor by car because you can visit all its sights.
This chapter is about how to get to Kotor by plane. There are two international airports in Montenegro. These are the airport in Tivat, 8 km away from Kotor, and the airport in Podgorica, less than 90 km away from Kotor. Both airports are open all year round. Even if they are smaller, they are very well equipped and functional.
This chapter is about how to get to Kotor by train. The nearest train station is in the town of Bar, 61 km from Kotor. Rail traffics from Belgrade (Serbia) to Bar every day and departures around 9 PM, but you should always check the timetable. According to the timetable, it arrives to Bar in the early morning around 7 AM. During the trip, the train stops in several places in Serbia and in several cities in Montenegro. The trip can be in 1st, 2nd class or in a sleeping car. From the train station in Bar you can reach Kotor with one of the local taxi drivers, rent-a-car, or direct bus lines, for which you should be informed in advance.
You can get to Kotor by boat from all directions that have connection with the sea because Kotor has its own port. The tradition of maritime traffic in Kotor dates back to the 12th century and every year there are more and more cruisers, yachts and all other types of vessels from around the world that enter the Bay of Kotor.
This chapter is about how to get to Kotor by bus. There is a small bus station in Kotor, but with direct lines from all countries surrounding Montenegro, namely Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, and Albania. In any case, you should check timetable on the WEB site of the bus station in Kotor in a timely manner.
This chapter is about how to get to Kotor by car. By car you can get without restrictions from all directions, regardless of whether it is from Montenegro itself, from the countries around us or from any other destination available for driving. When you come to Kotor by car there are parking lots that are paid in the summer months.