The natural heritage of Dubrovnik is the sum of all elements of flora and fauna, at the level of species and communities (ecosystems), as well as the geological structures of the Dubrovnik area. It is part of biological resources and as such is the subject of international conventions on protection (UNESCO world heritage site, areas of tangible and intangible heritage of great importance to humanity, the Convention on Biological Diversity of Rio de Janeiro).
This chapter is presenting information about air temperature, insolation and cloud coverage, precipitation, winds, and global warming of the sea. Since the Adriatic Sea is the northernmost bay of the Mediterranean, the Adriatic climate is also a modified Mediterranean climate. The warmer part of the year is longer and the colder part shorter because the end of spring and the beginning of autumn are closer in temperature to summer, and the end of autumn and the beginning of spring to winter. The climate of the Adriatic is also modified by the Dinaric Mountain range located along the coast. Although the Adriatic is a small sea, the uneven warming of the sea and land generates local air flow and creates the characteristic winds of the Bura, Maestral and to some extent the Jugo. This chapter is presenting information about air temperature, insolation and cloud coverage, precipitation, winds, and global warming of the sea. Since the Adriatic Sea is the northernmost bay of the Mediterranean, the Adriatic climate is also a modified Mediterranean climate. The warmer part of the year is longer and the colder part shorter because the end of spring and the beginning of autumn are closer in temperature to summer, and the end of autumn and the beginning of spring to winter. The climate of the Adriatic is also modified by the Dinaric Mountain range located along the coast. Although the Adriatic is a small sea, the uneven warming of the sea and land generates local air flow and creates the characteristic winds of the Bura, Maestral and to some extent the Jugo.
This chapter is presenting information on geographical and oceanographical characteristics of southeast Adriatic coast. The Adriatic Sea, as the northernmost bay of the Mediterranean, has penetrated deep into the European continent, which gives it features of climate and flora and fauna. The Adriatic is about 700 km long and 250 km wide. Along approximately 6,000 km of coastline on the Croatian side of the Adriatic, there are about 1,100 islands, islets, and rocks, which makes our Adriatic coastline extremely rugged. The southern part of the Adriatic is much deeper than the middle and northern, with an average depth of over 200m. The deepest point of the Adriatic is in the South Adriatic depression at 1,228m. The eastern side of the Adriatic Sea is surrounded by a string of mountains (Biokovo, Mosor, Velebit) that form a watershed so that the feature of the Adriatic is the Adriatic basin of rivers that flow into the Adriatic Sea. These rivers are home to many endemic species. Geologically, the Adriatic coast bedrock is mostly carbonate, porous, so that precipitation mainly seeps through the substrate and eventually ends up into the sea. Therefore, the eastern Adriatic coast is abundant in Vrulje, an underwater source of fresh water.
This chapter is about conditions that affect productivity and plant life in the Adriatic Sea, its surrounding coast and the biodiversity of marine and coastal ecosystems. Due to its closed nature and northern position in relation to the Mediterranean, the Adriatic Sea is a poorly productive, oligotrophic sea, its productivity is higher along the coast and in canals. Because of the small content of nutrient salts in the water, for example phosphorus and nitrogen, its level of organic production is low. In the northern Adriatic, due to various specific influences, especially the inflow of mineral-rich river Po, there are some of the most productive Mediterranean Sea areas. According to rough estimates, between 6,000 and 7,000 plant and animal species have been found in the Adriatic Sea so far. The mainland along the Adriatic east coast is strongly influenced by the sea, so the floristic composition is diverse, of the Mediterranean type, and is determined by ecological factors of the habitat and the type of substrate. Also, watershed composed of mountain ranges creates a specific flora that differs from the continental in the rest of Croatia and is rich in endemic species.
This chapter is presenting information on endemic, sparid, cartilaginous fish species, plankton nets, mammals and mariculture in Mali Ston area.
Preservation of Dubrovnik natural heritage
This chapter is about cultural heritage, administration, economic and civil achievement of Dubrovnik during republic time.
History of the origin of the city
This chapter is presenting the origin of the old town from the first settlement in 7th until beginning of the republic in 15th century. At the beginning of the 7th century (614) refugees took refuge on the rocky peninsula Laus / Raus at the foot of the hill Brgat / Srđ, part or all of the population of nearby Epidaurus (now Cavtat) destroyed and plundered in the destructive abyss of the Avars and Slavs (among whom there were also Croatian tribes). Steep rock Laus / Lave / Raus with an extensive settlement and a shallow sheltered bay with an arc between the rock to the south and the sunny slopes of the hill Srđ (altitude 412 m) then densely covered with oak forest - oak on the north side of the bay, and indented peninsula (today Lapad) with another safe harbour a few kilometres west of the rock (Gruška uvala), as well as an abundance of drinking water sources in the immediate vicinity (Zaton, Ombla, Mlini, Šumet...), were a very attractive and desirable habitat for life. Gradually, in the 7/8th century or a little later, a unique settlement called Ragusa (Greek root name) was formed, and in the 12th cent. and Slavic name Dubrovnik. From the 8th century onwards, the settlement of Ragusa developed inexorably economically and grew into a city. It spread to the surrounding territory and became better and better fortified, first with fortifications of wood and dry-stone walls, then with walls of stone and lime. In 1453 the Republic of Dubrovnik was founded, which lasted for 5 centuries until 1808.
Panoramic viewpoints in Dubrovnik
This chapter is presenting the best locations from which to experience Dubrovnik's landscape from a bird’s eye view.
Main monuments in Dubrovnik
This chapter is presenting some of the most significant historic monuments in Dubrovnik.
Guided tours in Dubrovnik
This chapter is presenting city tours of Dubrovnik.
Preservation of Dubrovnik cultural heritage
This chapter is about the aquarium, the Institute, the sea and organisms that are special and live in this area.
Institute for Coastal and Marine Research
This chapter is presenting the Institute for Coastal and Marine Research of the University of Dubrovnik. By visiting the aquarium, you are also entering the premises of the Institute for Marine and Coastal Research, which was founded in the middle of the twentieth century. After World War II, the establishment of the Fishery Station in 1946, and the founding of the Institute of Biology under the Yugoslav Academy of Arts and Sciences (JAZU) in 1949, marked the start of organized research work in the field of oceanography and fisheries in Dubrovnik. They formed the base of today's Institute and scientific research. Institute activities consist of fundamental and applied research on the natural features of the Adriatic Sea and coastal areas. The Institute's four laboratories are used by scientists exploring the fields of oceanography, plankton ecology and population genetics, breeding of marine organisms, aquariums, and the flora and fauna of the land. The Institute also develops other activities, such as: the monitoring of live marine and land resources, monitoring of sea water quality, maintenance and popularization of aquarium maintenance and popularization of the Botanical Garden on Lokrum Island, the formation of scientific and technical collections, as well as the organization of courses and lectures related to its basic activities. The Institute's scientists are reaching significant scientific accomplishments through their research, by discovering planktonic organisms yet unknown to science or by achievements in the breeding of wild species, to name but a few. The scientists at the Institute discovered two new species of marine zooplankton organisms for science. Research in the field of aquaculture has yielded significant results in the farming of fish, shellfish and other organisms such as amberjack, grouper, arrow bilizma, crow, thrush, pen shell, sea urchin. Institute has its own vessel, the Baldo Kosić II, intended for coastal research of the southern Adriatic. It was built in 2009, as the previous vessel (Baldo Kosić I) was destroyed during the bombing of the city by the Yugoslav (Serb Montenegrin) army in 1991. In addition to being used for scientific research in the Dubrovnik area, the vessel is also used for catching living organisms for the aquarium.
This chapter is presenting Dubrovnik aquarium and most of organisms from aquarium pools. Here you can find information about the history of the aquarium, reconstructions, and the current condition. There is a brief description of several organisms in the aquarium.
Organisms and exhibitions in aquarium
n this chapter you will get information about the exhibits in the aquarium. We also provide information on topics featuring individual pools that are designed to explain some phenomena or species in the sea. The rest of the information relates to the many types of organisms you can see in aquarium pools.
In this chapter, we present artists whose works you can see on the walls between the pools. The works were created on the occasion of the 70th anniversary of the Institute and the aquarium. The works are thematically related to the sea and are the result of the work of several famous painters from Dubrovnik.
The chapter is about how to travel to Dubrovnik.
The train does not reach Dubrovnik. The nearest railway station is in Ploče, which is 80 km northwest of Dubrovnik. If you choose a train for transport to Dubrovnik, you must combine with other modes of transport because you have about 90 minutes by bus or car from Ploče to Dubrovnik.
A car can be an interesting choice for coming to Dubrovnik if you drive on old roads and highways, because then you can stop several times according to your choice. Or you can choose a highway that, like the train, only reaches the town of Ploče, and after a fast ride of 130 km / h, you switch to a slower ride to Dubrovnik.
Arriving by boat depends on your destination. Dubrovnik is a port city where many cruise ships stop during the summer, but there are also regular lines that connect Dubrovnik with the northern part of the Adriatic and Rijeka. There is also a line between Dubrovnik and Bari in Italy several times a week.